Objectives - Chapters 7 & 11 - Digestion and Nutrition
1. Define the term nutrient.
2.Describe the six types of nutrients.
3. Name the three types of nutrients that provide the body with energy.
4. Give the term that is defined as the units of energy in food.
5. Describe the primary function of proteins.
6. State the building blocks of proteins.
7. Explain the difference between essential amino acids and nonessential amino acids.
8. State the primary function of carbohydrates.
9. Explain what would happen if you eat more carbohydrates than your body needs for fuel.
10. Describe three functions of lipids (fats).
11. Explain the difference between a fat and an oil.
12. State two categories of lipids and state which should be reduced in your diet.
13. Name the best type of oils to use for food preparation.
14. Compare the energy content of lipids, proteins and carbohydrates.
15. Name the two types of micronutrients.
16. Explain what vitamins do for the body.
17. Give the two categories of vitamins.
18. Explain what vitamin D and vitamin A are used for in the body.
19. Name two specific minerals and explain their role in the body.
20. Explain why water is such an important nutrient.
21. Define the term digestion.
22. Explain how are nutrients distributed to the body's cells.
23. Name two ways your body uses nutrients.
24. Name the site where both chemical and mechanical digestion of food begins.
25. Name the organs that produce saliva.
26. List two important functions of saliva.
27. Name the enzyme that begins the digestion of starches in the mouth.
28. Describe the two types of digestion, as given in class.
29. List two functions of the tongue.
30. Name the four kinds of tastes.
31. Name the structure that prevents food being swallowed from entering the windpipe.
32. Spell correctly the name of the tube that moves food from the mouth to the stomach.
33. Define the term peristalsis.
34. Describe the organ called the stomach.
35. List the three main ingredients in gastric juice.
36. Name the nutrient that is chemically digested in the stomach.
37. Name the liquid mixture that is pushed from stomach to the small intestine, as given in class.
38. Name the organ where 90% of chemical digestion takes place.
39. list the nutrients that are chemically digested in the small intestine.
40. Describe the role of the liver in the digestive process.
41. Explain the function of bile.
42. Explain the role of the pancreas in the digestive process.
43. Explain the purpose of the villi.
44. Name the nutrient that is not absorbed in the small intestine.
45. Name two jobs of the large intestine.
46. Define the terms rectum and anus.
Special Section - Diet and Health
47. Keep a food diary, as given in class.
48. Describe the diet recommendations of Harvard Medical School, including the recommended servings of each food type.
49. Describe what causes “Mad Cow Disease” and how to prevent it, as explained in class.
50. Explain how to avoid illness due to E. coli contamination, as given in class.
51. List five diseases that are linked to a high fat, low fiber diet, as given in class.